May First and the Spirit of Labor Day

In many countries, May 1st is the International Day of Workers, or Labor Day. It actually started in 1886 in Chicago, with workers lobbying for a 5 day / 40 hour work week – instead of the 6 day / 60 hour one that existed at the time. The US has since changed their Labor Day to September, but in much of Europe it’s still celebrated on the original date of May 1st.may day, more chocolate, spirit of labor day

In France, it’s a day for unions to march in the streets. People carry signs proclaiming their grievances or they just march to show their solidarity with one another. It’s a public holiday and most people have the day off work.

In keeping with the spirit of this non-working holiday, I am taking the day off, marching for a cause dear to my heart (More Chocolate for Writers), and posting a rerun. (How French is that?) It’s an article I posted last year about another May Day tradition, that of handing out lily of the valley flowers on May 1st. Hope you enjoy it. Happy May Day!

Now … More Cho-co-late! More Cho-co-late!

Happy May Day!
Give a Flower to Someone You Love

Charles ix muguet lily of valley

May 1st is a public holiday in France. It’s called La Fête du Travail, and it’s the equivalent of the US Labor Day. But it’s also another special day, La Fête du Muguet (pronounced something like “mew-gay”), the flower known in English as lily of the valley. Each May 1st, we offer a sprig of these perfumed nodding bells to those we love, our family, and friends.

may day, muguet lily valley    It all started with Charlie 9
Where did this delightful tradition originate? Well, we can trace it back to the Middle Ages and to a king who was known for one of the bloodiest religious massacres in France’s history: Charles IX, the king who ordered the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre in which thousands of Protestants were murdered.

But surely he must have had a kinder and gentler side… Let’s go back to when little Charlie was 9 years old and much nicer. It was 1560 and in the French countryside it was customary to give a sprig or branch of some kind of flower on the first day of May. It was meant to chase away the curse of winter and to represent a wish for a fortunate and happy new season. That year, young Charlie was on a visit in the Drome (an area about 200 kilometres or 125 miles northwest of Nice) when he was presented with a sprig of lily of the valley. He was delighted by the gesture and the fragrant flowers that hung like little white bells.

The next year on May 1st, when Charlie was 10 years old and about to be consecrated as Charles IX, King of France, he decided to give a sprig of the same flower to all of the ladies of the court. And so the lovely practice of handing out lily of the valley flowers on May 1st took root.
charles ix, happy may day, muguet, lilly of the valley 02Bad Luck for Charlie

Charlie inherited a kingdom that was devastated by the Wars of Religion, which continued throughout his reign. Toward the end of his time on the throne (and his short life – he died at 23), he was moved by compassion to do something for his people who were suffering and hungry. He thought about it for a few days and then came up with a great idea, just what the people needed to lift their spirits. On May 1st he ordered his soldiers to hand out sprigs of lily of the valley on the streets of Paris as a wish of good luck and happiness to the people from their king.

Charlie was sure this symbol of goodwill would cheer up his subjects. But the people were hungry and they decided to add the flowers to their soup. Unfortunately, the lily of the valley plant is toxic if eaten and many of Charlie’s subjects died from eating his gift.

A little help from the Fashion Industrymay day, muguet, lilly of valley
Even though the flower wasn’t so lucky for Charlie’s subjects, the plant managed to maintain its reputation as a bearer of good fortune. But the tradition of giving it to friends on May 1st was not widespread until the turn of the 20th century, when the fashion designers of Paris revived the practice by presenting all of their female clients and employees with the symbolic flowers on the first day of May 1900. Since then, it has become customary throughout France to give a sprig of lily of the valley on May 1st to those you hold near and dear.

So, if you are in France on May 1st and someone offers you a sprig of lily of the valley – DON’T EAT IT! Just enjoy the beauty and fragrance and bask in the assurance that you are loved… unless, of course, they tell you it makes a nice addition to your soup.

French Holidays & Traditions 200*Get the book – To find out about more holidays and traditions celebrated in France, get my book, French Holidays & Traditions.

*Don’t Miss Anything – If you would like to receive an email every time I post an article (2-3 times per month), sign up to follow my blog. You’ll find the button just above my photo. And, of course, you can always leave a comment below. Thank you for reading.

May 1 and spirit of labor day
Pin it for later
Margo Lestz
Latest posts by Margo Lestz (see all)


  1. Hi Margo!

    I am finally in Nice and preparing to settle into my apartment tomorrow. If you are interested in meeting for coffee then please let me know

    Kind regards


    This ( K. M. P. ) – message was sent from a remote location from my 64gb iPad 2


Leave a Comment