London’s Pelicans in the Park

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It’s been a very hot month in Europe. In fact, it’s been the hottest on record in many places. Unfortunately, central London isn’t built for this weather. Our apartment has two large windows but they only open about 6 inches wide onto a busy road where all the traffic makes even more heat – and there’s no air conditioning. London isn’t used to prolonged heat like this so cooling isn’t a priority.

What can you do when it is too hot to be indoors? Head to one of London’s many parks. That’s what I did the other day. I went to St. James’s Park for a bit of fresh air. St. James’s is a large bit of greenery that fronts Buckingham Palace. It has a lake that runs through the middle of it and is home to many varieties of waterfowl. But among the ducks geese, and swans, there are some very large, unusual, white birds that may look rather out of place. They are pelicans and St. James’s Park has had resident pelicans for more than 350 years.

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Pelicans in the Park

It all started in 1664 when the Russian ambassador sent King Charles II a few pelicans to grace his newly remodeled park. Ever since, a small pelican flock has resided there. But it seems that small flocks don’t tend to produce fertile eggs, so newcomers have to be added occasionally. Over the years, pelicans have arrived from other countries, either as gifts or purchases.

One benefit of keeping the numbers limited is that pelicans tend to misbehave if there are too many of them. Although they are friendly to human visitors, they have been known to gobble up smaller birds – mostly pigeons. In 1981 two of the St. James’s Park pelicans were banished to the London Zoo because they were swallowing down too many pigeons. People throwing bread to the birds were actually causing the problem.

Pelicans don’t eat bread, but pigeons do. While the little birds were enjoying the snack, they were too preoccupied to notice the big bill that was about to scoop them up. The pelicans thought the pigeons were their snack and would swallow them whole. However, the public didn’t like watching the little birds being devoured and complained.

A Wonderful Bird is the Pelican (1910)

Limerick by Dixon Lanier Merritt

A wonderful bird is the pelican,His bill will hold more than his belican,He can take in his beakEnough food for a weekBut I'm damned if I see how the helican!

Pelicans and Politics

The first pelicans in the park were gifts from Russia and Russia continued to resupply pelicans for many years. The story goes that in the 1960s a new American ambassador was visiting the Foreign Secretary. He looked out the window at St. James’s Park and saw the pelicans. When he asked about this odd site, he was told the story of the birds coming from Russia all those years ago and the ongoing tradition of Russian pelicans in the park.

The United States was in the middle of the cold war with Russia and couldn’t be outdone by them. So, the US also made a donation of pelicans to St. James’s Park. When the American birds arrived they didn’t seem to like their new home and they became sickly. The Americans accused the Russian of harming the birds and Russia denied it. This gave the two countries another point of contention.

This mystery was finally solved when it was discovered that the Americans had sent the wrong kind of pelican. They had sent brown pelicans which are a saltwater species and they just weren’t happy on a lake. The Americans took back their brown pelicans and sent in some white ones which were suited to lake life. The new American pelicans settled in with their Russian comrades and lived together in peace.

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Current Residents

Currently there are only three pelicans living in St. James’s Park: Gargi, Tiffany, and Isla. Gargi is the oldest of the three, coming to the park in 1996. One day, a gentleman called Mr. Soloman, in Southend, stepped out into his garden to find the giant white bird who had somehow chosen his property as a landing pad. The pelican was friendly and stayed on. He became a family pet and was named Gargi. Mr. Soloman found the bird a bit too expensive to keep and asked the Royal Parks to take him. Gargi has lived at St. James’s Park ever since.

Since Gargi is technically a wild bird, his wings have never been clipped like the others, and he is free to go whenever he likes. He has been known  to have his regular dinner at St. James’s Park and then fly over to the London Zoo to enjoy another feeding time.

Tiffany and Isla, the other two St. James’s pelicans, arrived at the park in 1993 from Prague and were financed by the Tiffany Foundation. So Tiffany is named after the generous donor. Isla was named by public vote. The ballot contained six choices, and Isla (which is also the name of the then pelican caretaker’s daughter) was the favorite.

See the Pelicans

You can see the pelicans daily at St. James’s Park. If you want an up close view, go at their feeding time which is between 2.30 and 3.00 near Duck Island Cottage. It’s not far from the entrance off Horse Guards Road. The pelicans are fed a diet of fish by the wildlife officer, and they supplement that by catching fish from the lake, occasionally downing a pigeon, or in Gargi’s case, flying off to the zoo for a snack.

Hope everyone is managing to stay cool in this sweltering heat.

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Margo Lestz

Margo has authored four books about France. She has a BA in Liberal Studies with International Emphasis and enjoys travel, languages, history, writing, and experiencing other cultures.


  1. How interesting. I didn’t realise there were brown Pelicans, nor that the white ones are a freshwater variety. The brown ones do look lovely. I am sure there are more wonderful discoveries in London’s beautiful Parks.
    The heat is most uncomfortable in a place where it is not usual. I think the last long heatwave was in 1976. This was the year before my two years living in England and there was hardly any summer at all in 1977 and 1978 and people kept telling us we should have been there in 76!
    I hope it ends soon for you. Paula

    1. Hi Paula, London does have some really magnificent parks. They’re called the lungs of London, and they are a great place to get some fresh air in the summer.
      Fortunately, it rained a few days ago and cooled everything down. What a relief!

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